Public Description of Gyromitra Fr.

Title: Public Description (Default)
Name: Gyromitra Fr.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Discinaceae


General Description:

Medium to large, cup-, saddle- to brain-shaped fungi with a cap and stalk, fertile surface some shade of brown. Microscopic characters include: operculate asci, and cyanophilic spores with large, apiculate outgrowths. See, e.g., Arora1, Beug4, MycoKey15.
Click here for references and full description.


Uses:

Some species of this genus have been eaten. But some have also caused deaths in Europe and North America. The toxin(s) of concern are hydrazine derivatives.2 4 6. See MO Description of Gyromitra esculenta.
Some species have been used for dyeing.3


References:

1 Arora, Mushrooms Demystified (Ten Speed Press 2d ed. 1986)

2 Benjamin, Mushrooms: poisons and panaceas (W.H. Freeman & Co. 1995)

3 A.R. Bessette, A.E. Bessette, The Rainbow Beneath My Feet (Syracuse Univ. Press 2001)

4 Michael Beug, Alan E. Bessette, Arleen R. Bessette, Ascomycete Fungi of North America: A Mushroom Reference Guide (Univ. of Texas Press 2014)

5 Castellano, Cazares, Fondrick, Dreisbach, Handbook to additional fungal species of special concern in the Northwest Forest Plan, USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, General Technical Report PNW-GTR-572 (2003)

6 Duffy, Toxic Fungi of Western North America (a MykoWeb Page)

7 Gibson, Matchmaker, Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest, Version 2.1.1 (Apr. 2014) (Windows application, downloadable at http://www.svims.ca/council/matchmaker.htm)

8 Index Fungorum record 2184

9 M. Kuo, Morels (U. of Mich. Press 2005)

10 Kuo, M., MushroomExpert.Com

11 Lincoff, National Audubon Society Field Guide to Mushrooms (Alfred A. Knopf 1981)

12 McKenney, Stuntz & Ammirati, The New Savory Wild Mushroom (Univ. of Wash. Press 3d. ed.)

13 Methven, A.S., S.E. Zelski, and A.N. Miller. 2013. A molecular phylogenetic assessment of the genus Gyromitra in North America. Mycologia 105(5): 1306–1314. DOI: 10.3852/12-397

14 MycoBank #2184

15 MycoKey

16 Rogers Mushrooms

17 Trudell & Ammirati, Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest (Timber Press 2009)

18 Weber NS. A morel hunter’s companion. A guide to the true and false morels of Michigan. Michigan Natural Resources Magazine (Lansing: Two Peninsula Press 1988).

19 Wikipedia, Gyromitra

20 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens, The Fungi of California (a MykoWeb Page)

21 Xin-Cun Wang & Wen-Ying Zhuang (2019) A three-locus phylogeny of Gyromitra (Discinaceae, Pezizales) and discovery of two cryptic species, Mycologia, 111:1, 69-77, DOI: 10.1080/00275514.2018.1515456


Notes:

Many species are known as False Morels. See, e.g., Kuo.9


Description author: Johannes Harnisch (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editors: Nathan Wilson, Joseph D. Cohen


Created: 2009-05-15 19:13:24 CDT (-0400) by Johannes Harnisch (Johann Harnisch)
Last modified: 2019-06-05 15:56:32 CDT (-0400) by Joseph D. Cohen (Joe Cohen)
Viewed: 248 times, last viewed: 2019-06-15 18:28:41 CDT (-0400)