Public Description of Morchella Dill. ex Pers.

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Name: Morchella Dill. ex Pers.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Morchellaceae

General Description:

medium to large mushroom, on ground; cap has honeycombed system of ridges and pits, and is attached to stem at least 1/3 the height of the cap; hollow stem


Prime edible


6 Baynes M, Newcombe G, Dixon L, Castlebury L, O’Donnell K., A novel plant-fungal mutualism associated with fire, Fungal Biol. 2012 Jan;116(1):133-44. doi: 10.1016/j.funbio.2011.10.008. Epub 2011 Nov 9 (free download available at

1 Michael Beug, Alan E. Bessette, Arleen R. Bessette, Ascomycete Fungi of North America: A Mushroom Reference Guide (Univ. of Texas Press 2014)

2 Gibson, MORCHELLACEAE in the Pacific Northwest (2015)

3 Kuo, et al., “Taxonomic revision of true morels (Morchella) in Canada and the United States”, Mycologia, April 2012 11-375 doi: 10.3852/11-375

4 Franck Richard, Jean-Michel Bellanger, Philippe Clowez, Karen Hansen, Kerry O’Donnell, Alexander Urban, Mathieu Sauve, Régis Courtecuisse, and Pierre-Arthur Moreau, “True morels (Morchella, Pezizales) of Europe and North America: evolutionary relationships inferred from multilocus data and a unified taxonomy”, Mycologia 2015; 107:359-382 doi:10.3852/14-166

5 Viess, California Morels: A Delicious Enigma!, (May 12, 2015)

7 Voitk A, Beug M, O’Donnell K, Burzynski M. 2016. ’Two new species of true morels from Newfoundland and Labrador: cosmopolitan Morchella eohespera and parochial M. laurentiana. Mycologia. 108:31-37.

Description author: Joseph D. Cohen (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: Johannes Harnisch