Public Description of Cantharellus Adans. ex Fr.

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Name: Cantharellus Adans. ex Fr.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Cantharellales
Family: Cantharellaceae

General Description:

[A]n ectomycorrhizal homobasidiomycete genus, with terricolous, fleshy, solid, and long-lived but not perennial gymnocarpic sporocarps. The pileus has a sterile top, which distinguishes it from the Clavariaceae. The hymenium is either smooth or folded, with ridges on the stem and pileus. The gill-like ridges differ from true gills of the order Agaricales. The Cantharellus hymenium thickens as new basidia develop over the layer of older ones. By contrast, in the Agaricales the basidia form a monolayer. Cantharellus basidia are stichic and long, bearing long curved sterigmata. Spores are smooth, white or yellow, and of variable size. The number of spores per basidium varies between two and eight within the same carpophore. The haploid chromosome number in C. cibarius Fr. is 2. No cystidia are present. Hyphae are monomitic and clamp connections are present. The species studied so far within Cantharellus sensu Feibelman and others (1997) have large internal transcriber spacer (ITS) sequences, 1400 to 1600 base pairs, and a sequence in the beginning of ITS1, which is unique to the genus Cantharellus sensu Feibelman and others (1997).5


1 Fries, E.M. Systema Mycologicum I: 316 (1821) (sanctioning work per Index Fungorum)

2 Foltz, Perez, & Volk, Molecular phylogeny and morphology reveal three new species of Cantharellus within 20 m of one another in western Wisconsin, USA, Mycologia 2013 105:447-461; Preliminary version published online: October 18, 2012, doi:10.3852/12-181

3 Index Fungorum record 17236

4 MycoBank record 17236

5 Pilz, Norvell, Danell, Molina, Ecology and management of commercially harvested chanterelle mushrooms, Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-576 (2003). Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 83 p. (chanterelles in the broad sense in the Pacific Northwest)

Description author: Joseph D. Cohen (Request Authorship Credit)