Public Description of Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Gray

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Name: Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Gray
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Cortinariaceae


General Description:

becoming broadly convex, flat, or broadly bell-shaped, sometimes with a sharp central bump; dry; silky; yellowish brown to olive brown, often aging to dark brown, especially over the center; the margin often more yellowish.

Gills: Attached to the stem but often pulling away from it in age; close or crowded; yellow at first (orangish in some varieties), becoming cinnamon to rusty; covered by a yellowish cortina when young; sometimes spotting and discoloring reddish brown.

Stem: 3-7 cm long; up to 1 cm thick at the apex; more or less equal; dry; silky with brownish fibers; yellowish above, sometimes olive brown to reddish brown below; sometimes with a rusty ring zone; basal mycelium pale yellow.

Flesh: Yellowish.

Odor: Radish-like or not distinctive.

Chemical Reactions: KOH on cap surface red, then dark red to black.

Spore Print: Rusty brown.

Microscopic Features: Spores 6.5-9 × 4.5-6 µ; ellipsoid; slightly to moderately roughened. Some basidia with reddish to purplish or reddish brown contents. Cheilo- and pleurocystidia absent. Pileipellis a cutis.


Distribution:
widely distributed in North America.

Habitat:
Mycorrhizal with conifers; growing alone or scattered, often in dry areas; summer and fall

Uses:

dyes


References:

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2011, November). Cortinarius croceus. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/cortinarius_croceus.html


Notes:

Current Name:
Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 630 (1821)

Synonymy:
Agaricus cinnamomeus Pollich,: tab. 19 (1753)
Agaricus cinnamomeus d croceus (Schaeff.) Fr., Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 1: 229 (1821)
Agaricus croceus Schaeff., Fung. bavar. palat. nasc. (Ratisbonae) 4: 3 (1774)
Agaricus croceus var. alliaceus Pers., Mycol. eur. (Erlanga) 3: 130 (1828)
Agaricus croceus Schaeff., Fung. bavar. palat. nasc. (Ratisbonae) 4: 3 (1774) var. croceus
Agaricus subcorneus Batsch, Elench. fung., cont. prim. (Halle): 83 (1783)
Cortinarius cinnamomeobadius Rob. Henry, Bull. trimest. Soc. mycol. Fr. 55: 300 (1940) 1939
Cortinarius cinnamomeobadius Rob. Henry, Bull. trimest. Soc. mycol. Fr. 55: 300 (1940) 1939 var. cinnamomeobadius
Cortinarius cinnamomeobadius var. meridionalis Rob. Henry & Contu, Docums Mycol. 17(no. 68): 42 (1987)
Cortinarius cinnamomeolutescens var. meridionalis (Rob. Henry & Contu) Contu, Micol. Veg. Medit. 14(1): 34 (1999)
Cortinarius cinnamomeus f. badius (Rob. Henry) Nespiak [as ‘badia’], Flora Polska, Grzyby (Mycota), 7, Basidiomycetes, Agaricales, Cortinartaccae, Cortinarius 1 (Warszawa-Krakow): 238 (1975)
Cortinarius cinnamomeus subsp. croceus (Schaeff.) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 942 (1887)
Cortinarius croceifolius f. iodolens (Rob. Henry) Nespiak, Flora Polska, Grzyby (Mycota), 7, Basidiomycetes, Agaricales, Cortinartaccae, Cortinarius 1 (Warszawa-Krakow): 239 (1975)
Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Høil., Op. bot. 71: 83 (1984) 1983
Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Bigeard & H. Guill., Fl. Champ. Supér. France (Chalon-sur-Saône): 278 (1909)
Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 630 (1821) subsp. croceus
Cortinarius croceus (Schaeff.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 630 (1821) var. croceus
Cortinarius croceus var. iodolens Rob. Henry, in Chevassut & Henry, Docums Mycol. 17(no. 68): 34 (1987)
Cortinarius croceus var. meridionalis (Rob. Henry & Contu) A. Ortega, Nova Hedwigia 60(1-2): 127 (1995)
Dermocybe cinnamomeobadia (Rob. Henry) M.M. Moser, in Gams, Kl. Krypt.-Fl. Mitteleuropa – Die Blätter- und Baupilze (Agaricales und Gastromycetes) (Stuttgart) 2: 151 (1953)
Dermocybe cinnamomeobadia (Rob. Henry) M.M. Moser, Schweiz. Z. Pilzk. 52(7): 97 (1974)
Dermocybe crocea (Schaeff.) M.M. Moser, Schweiz. Z. Pilzk. 52(7): 98 (1974)
Dermocybe crocea (Schaeff.) M.M. Moser, Schweiz. Z. Pilzk. 52(7): 98 (1974) var. crocea
Flammula cinnamomea var. crocea (Schaeff.) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zerbst): 81 (1871)


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)


Created: 2014-01-04 09:06:15 PST (-0800) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2014-01-04 09:06:15 PST (-0800) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
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