Public Description of Phallus impudicus L.

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Name: Phallus impudicus L.
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 Draft For Wild Mushrooms Of The Northeastern United States By Erlon (Private)

Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Phallales
Family: Phallaceae

General Description:

Immature Fruiting Body: Like a whitish to yellowish (or purplish, in Phallus hadriani) “egg” up to 6 cm across; usually at least partly submerged in the ground; when sliced revealing the stinkhorn-to-be encased in a gelatinous substance.

Mature Fruiting Body: Spike-like, to 25 cm high; with a cap 1.5-4 cm wide, which is covered with olive brown to dark brown slime; often developing a perforation at the tip; the cap surface pitted and ridged beneath the slime; sometimes with a whitish to purplish “skullcap” (a remnant of the volva); with a whitish, hollow stem, 1.5-3 cm thick; the base enclosed in a white (Phallus impudicus) or purplish (Phallus hadriani), sacklike volva, which is often at least partly submerged underground.

Spores 3.5 × 1.5-2.5 ยต elliptical or oblong; smooth.


widely distributed in North America.


Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously in gardens, flowerbeds, meadows, lawns, wood chips, cultivated areas, and so on; summer and fall


Kuo, M. (2006, September). Phallus impudicus & P. hadriani: The common stinkhorn. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site:


Ithyphallus impudicus (L.) Fr., Lich. Mexique 4: 42 (1886)
Morellus impudicus (Pers.) Eaton, Man. Bot., Edn 2: 324 (1818)
Phallus foetidus Sowerby, Col. fig. Engl. Fung. Mushr. (London) 3: pl. 329 (1801)
Phallus impudicus L., Sp. pl. 2: 1178 (1753)

Phallus volvatus Batsch, Elench. fung. (Halle): 133 (1783)

Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: Erlon

Created: 2009-10-05 06:05:24 IST (+0530) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2014-01-21 06:42:08 IST (+0530) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 207 times, last viewed: 2019-02-13 23:07:35 IST (+0530)