Public Description of Phallus impudicus L.

Title: Public Description (Default)
Name: Phallus impudicus L.
View: public
Edit: public
Version: 3
Previous Version 

Descriptions: Create
 Public Description (Default) [Edit]
 Draft For Wild Mushrooms Of The Northeastern United States By Erlon (Private)

Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Phallales
Family: Phallaceae


General Description:

Immature Fruiting Body: Like a whitish to yellowish (or purplish, in Phallus hadriani) “egg” up to 6 cm across; usually at least partly submerged in the ground; when sliced revealing the stinkhorn-to-be encased in a gelatinous substance.

Mature Fruiting Body: Spike-like, to 25 cm high; with a cap 1.5-4 cm wide, which is covered with olive brown to dark brown slime; often developing a perforation at the tip; the cap surface pitted and ridged beneath the slime; sometimes with a whitish to purplish “skullcap” (a remnant of the volva); with a whitish, hollow stem, 1.5-3 cm thick; the base enclosed in a white (Phallus impudicus) or purplish (Phallus hadriani), sacklike volva, which is often at least partly submerged underground.

Spores 3.5 × 1.5-2.5 ยต elliptical or oblong; smooth.


Distribution:

widely distributed in North America.


Habitat:

Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously in gardens, flowerbeds, meadows, lawns, wood chips, cultivated areas, and so on; summer and fall


References:

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2006, September). Phallus impudicus & P. hadriani: The common stinkhorn. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phallus_impudicus.html


Notes:

Ithyphallus impudicus (L.) Fr., Lich. Mexique 4: 42 (1886)
Morellus impudicus (Pers.) Eaton, Man. Bot., Edn 2: 324 (1818)
Phallus foetidus Sowerby, Col. fig. Engl. Fung. Mushr. (London) 3: pl. 329 (1801)
Phallus impudicus L., Sp. pl. 2: 1178 (1753)

Phallus volvatus Batsch, Elench. fung. (Halle): 133 (1783)


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: Erlon


Created: 2009-10-05 06:05:24 IST (+0530) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2014-01-21 06:42:08 IST (+0530) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 207 times, last viewed: 2019-02-13 23:07:35 IST (+0530)