Public Description of Phallus rubicundus (Bosc) Fr.

Title: Public Description (Default)
Name: Phallus rubicundus (Bosc) Fr.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Phallales
Family: Phallaceae


General Description:

Immature Fruiting Body: Like a whitish to pale brown “egg”; when sliced revealing the stinkhorn-to-be encased in a gelatinous substance.

Mature Fruiting Body: Spike-like, to about 20 cm; with a 3 to 4.5 cm, fragile cap which is attached to the top of the stem (like a thimble atop a pencil) and is smooth (or slightly roughened, but not pitted and ridged), and covered with olive brown to dark brown slime, often developing a central perforation; with a reddish to orangish or pinkish, hollow stem, about 1.5 cm thick and coarsely pocked with elongated potholes (nearly reticulate); with a whitish to pale brown volva clinging to the stem and around the base; with one or more whitish rhizomorphs at the base.

Microscopic Features: Spores long-elliptical; 3.5-5 × 1.5-2.5 µ; smooth.


Distribution:
reported with frequency in southern North America, but becoming common in Illinois (especially northern Illinois), and occurring with some regularity on the East at least as far north as Pennsylvania

Habitat:

Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously in gardens, flowerbeds, meadows, lawns, wood chips, sawdust piles, cultivated areas (including soybean fields), and so on; spring and summer, or in winter in warmer climates


References:

Kuo, M. (2011, April). Phallus rubicundus. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phallus_rubicundus.html

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...


Notes:

Current Name:
Phallus rubicundus (Bosc) Fr., Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 2(2): 284 (1823)

Synonymy:
Ithyphallus rubicundus (Bosc) E. Fisch., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 11 (1888)
Ithyphallus rubicundus var. gracilis E. Fisch., Jb. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 4: 88 (1886)
Ithyphallus rubicundus (Bosc) E. Fisch., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 11 (1886) var. rubicundus
Leiophallus rubicundus (Bosc) Mussat [as ‘Lejophallus’], in Saccardo, Syll. fung. (Abellini) 15: 187 (1900)
Phallus gracilis (E. Fisch.) Lloyd, Mycol. Writ.(7): 8 (1907)
Phallus rubicundus var. gracillimus Dring & R.W. Rayner, (1967)
Phallus rubicundus (Bosc) Fr., Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 2(2): 284 (1826) var. rubicundus
Satyrus rubicundus Bosc, Mag. Gesell. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 5: 86 (1811)


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: Erlon


Created: 2010-02-21 00:22:14 EST (-0500) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2018-05-17 09:45:07 EDT (-0400) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Viewed: 114 times, last viewed: 2018-08-20 03:24:32 EDT (-0400)