Collection location: Mount Mangart region, Posočje, East Julian Alps, Slovenia [Click for map]
Habitat: alpine grassland, almost flat terrain, shallow calcareous skeletal ground with some silicate, relatively dry and warm place, full sun; exposed to direct rain; growing among Rhododendron hirsutum, Homogyne alpina, Antenaria carpatica, Dryas octopetala, Salix retusa, Helianthemum sp., Polygonum viviparum, Alchemilla sp., Potentilla crantzii, Trifolium montanum, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Thymus serpyllum agg., Centraria islandica; average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 0-2 deg C, elevation 1.975 m (6.500 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.
Substratum: apparently soil and debris of Dryas octopetala roots and branches.
Place: Mt. Mangart’s flats, east of the beginning of Mt. Mangart terminal road loop, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC
Comments: Gymnopus dryophilus is a saprophytic species. Standard books generally consider it growing in all kinds of woods under trees (Ref.:7 and elsewhere). Its Latin species name suggests the same – ‘dryophilus’ means ‘oak loving’. Similarly does its German name – ‘Waldfreund’ means ‘friend of woods’. It is most common in submontane elevations 400-600 m (Ref.: 6.). That is why I was initially reluctant regarding my determination of these fungi found in open stony grassland far of any trees in an alpine phytogeographical region at around 2.000 m (6.500 feet) elevation. Later I realized that the species has been found in similar habitats also at significantly higher elevations than this: in Stubaier Alps, Austria (Ref.: 2) and Italian West Alps (Ref.:5), in Switzerland (Ref. 3), in Pyrenees (Ref.:4) and elsewhere outside of its ‘traditional’ habitats, for example in glacier forefront in Scandinavia (Ref. 8). Apparently the species must have a very broad ecological range.
Growing mostly in groups of a few to several fruit bodies. Over 40 pilei were found in a plot of about 4 × 4 m. Pileus diameter 4(6) cm, stipe up to 8 cm long and up to 8 mm in diameter; SP white.
Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8 and Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5
|I’d Call It That||3.0||5.75||1||(amadej)|
sum(score * weight) /
(total weight + 1)