Code: Bot_755/2013_DSC8218

Habitat: Right on the path between two village houses; surrounded with abandoned pastures and mixed wood; almost flat, semiruderal, calcareous terrain; in shade, relatively moist place; exposed to direct rain; average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, elevation 595 m (1.950 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: rather skeletal soil with raw humus (mostly rotten leaves of Fagus sylvatica)

Place: Lower Trenta valley, between villages Soča and Trenta, right bank of river Soča, between farmhouse Trenta 2 and cottage Trenta 2b, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC.

Comments: Photographed fungi were growing in a group of more than ten fruit bodies growing right in the middle of a mountain path.

Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8

Species Lists


Typical pattern on the surface after larger warts fall off.
Capillitium hyphae not septated, very sparsely branched.
Most of the spores observed were grouped in strange clumps. I do not know why and what this means.

Proposed Names

90% (2)
Recognized by sight: By characteristic pattern of warts.
Used references: (1) S. Buczacki, Collins Fungi Guide, Collins (2012), p 432.
(2) R.M. Daehncke, 1200 Pilze in Farbfotos, AT Verlag (2009), p 1089.
(3) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.2., Verlag Mykologia (1986), p 399.
(4) G.J. Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Baden-Württembergs, Band 2., Ulmer (2000), p 151.
(5) R. Phillips, Mushrooms, Macmillan (2006), p 330.
Based on microscopic features: Spores warty. Dimensions: 3,5 [3,8 ; 3,9] 4,2 × 3,3 [3,6 ; 3,8] 4,1 microns; Q = 1 [1,0] 1,1; N = 40; C = 95%; Me = 3,8 × 3,7 microns; Qe = 1. Capillitium hyphae diameter about 4-5 microns; not septated, very sparsely branched. Olympus CH20, NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil, in water; in vivo. AmScope MA500 digital camera.

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