Code: Bot_1021/2016_DSC6023
Picture file names: from Lycoperdon-excipuliforme_raw_20 to Lycoperdon-excipuliforme_raw_23.

Code: Bot_1024/2016_DSC6341
Picture file names: from Lycoperdon-excipuliforme_raw_24 and Lycoperdon-excipuliforme_raw_27.

Code: Bot_1027/2016_DSC6439
Picture file names: Lycoperdon-excipuliforme_raw_26 and Lycoperdon-excipuliforme_raw_28.

Habitat: edge of light mixed wood, Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies, Ostrya carpinifolia dominant trees; moderately inclined mountain slope, south aspect; skeletal, colluvial, calcareous ground; quite sunny place; relatively warm and dry place; exposed to direct rain; average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, elevation 555 m (1.820 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: soil.

Place: Lower Trenta valley, between villages Soča and Trenta, right bank of river Soča, above regional road Bovec – Vršič near Matevž farm house, Trenta 1; East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC.

Comments: Lycoperdon excipuliforme is easy to recognize when old by the fact that its characteristically spongy stem remains standing long after all the rest decays and disappears. Fig. 28 shows what remained of the fruitbody after two days of heavy rain (360 mm of rain in less than 48 hours!).

Growing solitary; diameter of the ‘head’ 4.5 cm; stipe 8 cm long and 3 cm in diameter; SP brown, oac638.

Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8


Proposed Names

85% (1)
Recognized by sight: Pestle shaped and persistent spongy stipe.
Used references: (1) S.Buczacki, Collins Fungi Guide, Collins (2012), p 434.
(2) G.J.Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Bade-Württembergs, Band 2, Ulmer (2000), p 136.
(3) M.Bon, Parey’s Buch der Pilze, Kosmos (2005),
(4) R.Phillips, Mushrooms, Macmillan (2006), p 328.
(5 J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.2. Verlag Mykologia (1986), p 388.
Based on microscopic features: Spores warty. Dimensions: 4,7 [5,2 ; 5,3] 5,7 × 4,5 [4,9 ; 5,1] 5,6 microns; Q = [1 ; 1,06] 1,1; N = 40; C = 95%; Me = 5,2 × 5 microns; Qe = 1. Olympus CH20, NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil, fresh material, in water. AmScope MA500 digital camera.
Based on chemical features: Smell indistinctive when young, when old unpleasantly stinking, also when dry.

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