Observation 27262: Galerina Earle

When: 2009-10-24

Collection location: Sullivan Co., Pennsylvania, USA [Click for map]

Who: Dave in NE PA

No specimen available

Gowing amongst lichen… or are these part of a lichen plant? Less than one cm in width.



Proposed Names

-16% (2)
Recognized by sight: Based on the size and stature. I can’t be sure since I can’t see the gills.
63% (4)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


Add Comment
By: Dave W (Dave W)
2009-10-26 15:11:35 CST (-0500)

I forget to just search MO! These were found in a place that I visit every year at about this time. I’ll have this in the back of my mind next year.

You didn’t have to go that far…
By: Douglas Smith (douglas)
2009-10-26 15:01:24 CST (-0500)

You could find obs. of G. hypnorum right here, I made an obs. from upstate NY, see obs. num 9222. Which looks a lot like what you found there.

But wait, I mention in that obs. the confusion over the name G. hypnorum, there are two versions of this name published, one in Europe, and one in the US, and they do not agree. Also some field guides have picked up on the name for tiny brown guys in moss, so there are various obs. on the net siting this name for any small brown guy like this.

But, if you then look closer, take a look at these obs.: 7374 and 11419, which look very similar, but under the microscope there, they are quite different.

So, yes, G. hypnorum is close, but so are a bunch of other names, and it takes some time under the scope to get it worked out. Plus not many people gather these or take the time, so there isn’t enough data to really work it all out yet.

Anyway, it was nice to see a posting of these, at least someone noticed these cute little guys.

I also noticed that my obs. there was only a little more than one year ago, and it was only about num 9000, now the obs. are 27000. Many more obs. have come into these system in the past year, it makes me wonder how many will come in, in the next year?

I’m really surprised
By: Dave W (Dave W)
2009-10-26 14:31:22 CST (-0500)

that we could get this close for these little guys. Web pic shows an alleged specimen of G. hypnorum growing in pretty much the same habitat as what I saw.


Looks like what I found. Thanks Douglas… seems like I can at least trust you with Galerina recommendations!

Def. Galerina
By: Douglas Smith (douglas)
2009-10-25 10:55:11 CST (-0500)

These are certainly Galerina, and they were growing with the moss. G. tibiicystis is not a good match, those should be much larger, and in deep sphagnum beds. Still haven’t found those myself, I just live in the wrong part of the world… These could be G. hypnorum, and one of those close to that confusing species. But also could be one from section Calyptrata from Smith and Singer, and the species there are a little confused. It would take some careful spore shots at 1000x to know more perhaps. (Along with cheilo- and caulo- cystidia at 400x, but you could just trust me and assume the section of Galerina, although I’m not that trust worthy, really.)

Just checked a few guides;
By: Dave in NE PA
2009-10-25 09:24:58 CST (-0500)

Galerina tibicystis seems to point in the right direction. The caps on these specimens are unexpanded, with full expansion seemingly within the reported range for this bog Galerina. Collection made in a mossy area nearby a bog where we pick cranberries.

Probably not a lichen
By: Nathan Wilson (nathan)
2009-10-24 17:15:42 CDT (-0400)

I don’t know for sure, but the most commonly named basidiolichen is Omphalina ericetorum which looks pretty different from this. In particular it has that funnel-like, decurrent “omphaloid” stature, rather than the typical “mycenoid” stature seen in your picture.

Created: 2009-10-24 13:19:38 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2009-10-24 13:19:38 CDT (-0400)
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