When: 2017-05-14

Collection location: Paola, Malta [Click for map]

35.8735°N 14.4965°E 8m [Click for map]

Who: Stephen Mifsud (FungusMan)

No specimen available

I have difficulty to acertain the species, but apparently most taxa are synonyms or closely related or have a very restricted distribution leaving B. phalloides and B. stevenii as the only reliable and most likely options. Between the two, I am opting for B. stevenii (originally a var. of B. phalloides) for being longer, and its habitat less specific to sand. The specimen was found in an embellishment with casuarina leaf litter in a sand-rich soil.

It had a very strong scent of walnuts, spores 5-7um, elaters frequent with characteristical spiral bands; volva huge, larger from pileus; stipe up to 30cm long, covered with conspicuous long, oblong-lacerated (peeling away), tobacco-brown, scales – numerous and papery.

First record from the Maltese Islands.


Spores (6um) and elaters at x400.
Spores (6um) and elaters at x1000.

Proposed Names

82% (1)
Recognized by sight: Volva, stem, pileus, peridia
Used references: Basic key to families and genera of Gasteromycetes
Based on microscopic features: Spores and elaters

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= Observer’s choice
= Current consensus


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Created: 2017-05-16 03:12:25 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2017-05-16 03:13:51 CDT (-0400)
Viewed: 34 times, last viewed: 2019-05-02 10:44:24 CDT (-0400)
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