Code: Bot_564/2011_IMG7161, Bot_565/2011_DSC0437
Picture file names: from Paralepista-flaccida_raw_1 to Paralepista-flaccida_raw_10.

Habitat: Old, calcareous alluvial terrace, mixed wood, Picea abies, Fagus sylvatica, Ostrya carpinifolia dominant trees; under large Picea abies canopies (total shade, no ground vegetation, protected from direct rain) but also on grassy wood edge (half open, partly sunny place, exposed to direct rain); locally flat terrain; average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 8-10 deg C, elevation 415 m (1.360 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: soil, rotten needles and other plant material.

Place: Bovec basin, between station A of the Kanin cable car and Bovec golf playground, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: Paralepista flaccida is a common, very variable (look at the list of synonyms!) yet relatively easy to recognize fungus by its foxy-red-brown (when wet) to orange-ocher (when dry) color and by its fleshy, waxy appearance. It shares typical Lepista species habit but it is somewhat smaller than more frequent and better known Lepista nuda or Lepista nebularis. Gills are easy to separate from trama as in most Lepista species. The fungus was separate from Lepista genus and put into Paralepista genus only in the year 2012 based on DNA evidence. Before that various genus and species names had been used and long, long debates about its taxonomy took place.
Growing in groups, many fruit bodies found; pileus diameter 2.8 – 6 cm; flesh watery, brittle; SP white with a slight orange-pink tint.

Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8

Species Lists


Proposed Names

85% (1)
Recognized by sight: orange ocher, quite fleshy, waxy, Lepista type habit, gills easy detached from trama.
Used references: (1) Personal communication with Mr. Bojan Ror,
(2) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.3. Verlag Mykologia (1991), p 212.
(3) G.J. Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Baden-Württembergs, Band 3., Ulmer (2001), p 289.
(4) M. Bon, Parey’s Buch der Pilze, Kosmos (2005), p 142.
Based on microscopic features: Spores somewhat warty, subglobose. Dimensions: (4) 4.1 – 4.7 (5.1) x (3.2) 3.7 – 4.3 (4.5) microns; Q = 1 – 1.2 (1.3); N = 40; Me = 4.5 × 4 microns ; Qe = 1.1. Olympus Motic B2-211A, NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil; in water, fresh material;. AmScope MA500 digital camera.
Based on chemical features: Smell pleasant, partly mushroomy partly mealy.

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Created: 2017-12-09 15:43:34 CST (-0500)
Last modified: 2017-12-09 15:43:51 CST (-0500)
Viewed: 26 times, last viewed: 2019-09-05 16:01:40 CDT (-0400)
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