Full taxonomic details:

Habitat: Terrestrial, growing in semi arid areas. Soil types ranging from coastal sandy soil, open grassy hillsides and meadows, prairies, montane regions, to sandy serpentine soils of the Sierra Foothills. Growing in small gregarious groups, but not fused. Among the Geographic Subdivisions of California, this species is found in the of Northwestern California, the Great Central Valley, the Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, and in Southwestern California.

Distribution: Known from parts of the United States, and previously reported from Arizona, California, Idaho, New Mexico, and North Dakota. Also reported from Argentina, Australia, Europe, India, Mexico, New Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, and South America.

Material Examined: CALIFORNIA, Alameda Co.: Knowland Park, open grassy field, 04 February 2009, S.S. Jarvis (SSJ 289). Contra Costa Co.: Wildcat Canyon, in bare soil sub hypogeous, 3 April 1939, V. Miller (UCB620889)(UC). Humboldt Co.: Samoa Peninsula, across from the pulp mill, scattered in moss, 30 March 1973, D. Largent (DLL 5751-2129)(HSU). Monterey Co.: Hastings Reservation, on soil surface, 2 June 1944, L. Bonar (UCB695697)(UC). San Diego Co.: Del Mar Beach, high sand cliff, 11 November 2009, R. Reidii (SSJ 296). San Francisco Co.: San Francisco Presidio, in sandy soil under Cupressus spp. (cypress), 9 November 1941, V. Miller (UCB659991)(UC). San Bernardino Co.: San Bernardino, on open ground in sandy soil, September 1940, V. Miller (UCB507198)(UC). Sonoma Co.: Pleasant Hill Road, Sebastopol, on dirt road, 24 January 2009, D. Deshazer (SSJ 338). Stanislaus Co.: Empire, Davidson Ranch, in pasture on loose soil, 30 March 1940, V. Miller (UCB637353)(UC). Trinity Co.: Lower Trinity River, 6 April 1954, L. Bonar (UCB977183)(UC). Tulare Co.: Sequoia National Park, Horse Corral Meadow, under grass in a meadow, 31 July 1945, L. Bonar (UCB695786)(UC). Tuolumne Co.: Cow Creek guard station, south of Pinecrest, 1,920 meters (6,300 feet) elev., on open ground, 9 July 1948, C.R. Quick (UCB966422)(UC); Red Hills Road and Serpentine Loop Road, BLM land, sparse grass between shrubs, 22 March 2009, S.S. Jarvis (SSJ 299). Yolo Co.: Clarksburg, Sacramento River, in sandy soil, 11 February 1939, V. Miller (UCB620843)(UC).

Species Lists


Disciseda cervina: [1.] Photo image of herbarium specimens (Scale: inches) [2.] LM of Disciseda-type eucapillitium and spores at 20x (scale: 20 µm) [3.] LM of eucapillitium and spores at 100x under oil emersion (scale: 10 µm) [4.] SEM image of a smooth spore, asperulate spores, and verruculose spor...
Dried herbarium collection
Hard to see in the native grasslands on compact soils

Proposed Names

83% (1)
Recognized by sight: See Notes
Used references: The Lycoperdaceae of California
Based on microscopic features: See Notes

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= Observer’s choice
= Current consensus


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