Collection location: Colorado, USA [Click for map]
well as everyone can tell by now im new to wild mushrooms so all the help in indentifying the mushrooms i find would be very helpfull Thanks to all of you
[admin – Sat Aug 14 02:04:11 +0000 2010]: Changed location name from ‘on our property in colorado’ to ‘Colorado, USA’
Thanks for joining in and contributing as someone new to mushrooming.
In general it’s really hard to tell anything without seeing the entire fruiting body. When you are learning to id, it is really important to try to get the entire mushroom. In case you are worried about that injuring the mushroom, the mushroom itself is like an apple on a tree. The actual fungal organism is a large network of microscopic threads growing in the ground. In a case like this picture, I would take a small trowel and gently pry it up. It is particularly important to get the base when it is possible. There are some species that have deep rooting bases (a foot or more). In these cases you don’t need to do more than note that it has a deep rooting base.
When taking pictures it’s particularly helpful to get clear pictures of the underside and the stem, as well as the top. Getting a spore print is also a really big help. In case you don’t know, a spore print is a deposit of the microscopic spores that is large enough to get a clear read on the color. The easiest way to get one is pick a reasonably mature mushroom, cut the stem off, and put the cap on a clear plastic bag with the bottom against the bag. If you can put a bowl over the cap to avoid breezes. Then leave it along for a while. With any luck you’ll end up with something like:
The colors can pretty much be any color, but the most common ones are brown, white and black. Taking the spore print on clear plastic lets you put it against different colored background so you can see the color more clearly.
This one could be a Cortinarius.